What is Big Data - Types, Characteristics & Benefits | W3schools

What is Big Data?

The term Big Data is frequently used to signify a capacity framework where distinctive kinds of information in various configurations can be put away for examination and driving business choices.

Any information which can’t be stored on Hard Disk or in a solitary framework is considered as Big Data. Its size is more than 1000s of GBs.

Also Read: Limitations of Hadoop

Big Data is a term utilized for an accumulation of informational collections that are substantial and complex, which is hard to store and process utilizing accessible database management tools or customary information preparing applications. The test incorporates catching, curating, putting away, looking, sharing, exchanging, examining and perception of this information.

The 5 V’s.

VOLUME: Volume alludes to the ‘measure of information’.

VELOCITY: Velocity is characterized as the pace at which distinctive sources produce the information consistently. This stream of information is huge and nonstop.

VARIETY: As there are numerous sources which are adding to Big Data, the sort of information they are creating is unique. It can be organized, semi-organized or unstructured.


VALUE: It is fine and dandy to approach huge information however unless we can transform it into esteem it is futile. Discover experiences in the information and take advantage out of it.

VERACITY: Veracity alludes to the information in uncertainty or vulnerability of information accessible because of information irregularity and deficiency. 

Advantages of Big Data

Understanding target clients better – Big information is utilized by business today to analyze assumptions of the objective clients and giving them better administrations to expand the business.

Reduced Expenditures Analysis of such tremendous volume of information has likewise helped business in chopping down their consumptions in different divisions wherever conceivable. A few billions of dollars being spared by changes in operational effectiveness and then some.

The increment in working edges in various parts – Big Data likewise helps businesses in expanding working edges in various divisions. With the assistance of Big Data, part of difficult work can be changed over into machine undertaking and this adds in expanding working edges.